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Interesting History of the British Empire During the 15th Century the 16th

From 1370 to 1413 many revolutions took place in England (not yet “Great”) at this time and in the end the House of Lancaster took the British Throne. Losses in France started a series of gruesome bloody events in Middle Ages (or mediEVIL!) England and it again lost its glory, until Tudor Henry VII came to the throne after winning the battle of Market Bosworth in 1485 and kicking off another century’s history in England.

From 1370 to 1413 many revolutions took place in England (not yet “Great”) at this time and in the end the House of Lancaster took the English Throne, but Henry V’s reign was short (and colorful) from 1413 to 1422.

What was 15th century England like?

The territorial advantage that the Battle of Agincourt brought in France was quickly lost, even to Gascony and then in 1453, Calais remained the only British possession in Europe.

Losing started a series of gruesome bloody events in Medieval (or mediEVIL!) England and it again lost its glory, until Tudor Henry VII came to the throne after winning the Battle of Bosworth Market in 1485 and kicking off another century’s history in England.

Then Henry VIII could not divorce his wife, because the Pope of Rome would not allow it, so in retaliation he burned down the Roman Catholic Churches in England and created his own church the Church of England.

According to his new Church, which of course he is the head, he can divorce his wife Queen Catherine and remarry whomever he likes and as much as he likes, because he does not yet have any descendants / heirs / heirs to the Royal Throne.

He was a cruel ruler who heard nothing but himself, so he burned down all the Catholic Monasteries in England and the landowners lost their property forever.

He after all had the Divine King’s Right to do this, as this was given to him by God when he was born.

Medieval and Renaissance Literature

After Henry’s death, her daughter Mary took over, but she was mostly hated when she tried to undo everything her father had done and act as Queen of Tyrants.

But he did not leave any children, so after his death his half sister Elizabeth gained control of England.

His reign is considered the Golden Period in British history as he led colonization, exploration, victories in war as well as the developing arts during this period with writers such as Shakespeare and Bacon.

But just like her sister she also faced many rebellions such as the serious one in 1601 which caused her great financial losses. Drake began his voyage in 1577, looking for Australia, he did not find, but made a fortune plundering Spanish processions in the Pacific and cargo of spices. He was the first Englishman to sail around the world.

It ended up causing full war between England and Spain. King Philip of Spain assembled the largest fleet the world had ever seen and arranged for it to sail against the British for these things.

His aim was to conquer and / or pillage England in 1588, but British ships tried their best to stop him and he reached Calais and anchored there. British firefighters were sent to fire and make it retreat and the Spanish Fleet went north of Scotland and the Irish coast.

Unfortunately for Spain (not for England) the entire fleet and 20,000 people disappeared without a trace, embarrassing Spain in the eyes of the world. So much so that they never tried again.

The Spanish war cost Britain a lot of money and Elizabeth had to go begging the British Parliament for more money which made them angry at the Royal Charter she had given her favorites and she gave them a simple “Golden Speech” which made Parliament realize their mistake.

After some time he fell ill and he also lost to the Irish rebels, distorting his health even further and because he had no successors, and while he was on his deathbed he chose James Stuart, King of Scotland as the next successor to the Crown of England.

When she died, Queen Elizabeth 1 was £ 400,000 in Article Search debt.

Slot Machine History and Betting Systems

Slot machine history is something that is often discussed by both seasoned gamblers and newer online casino goers alike. This is not surprising, seeing as there are literally millions of different slot machines spread out across the world, on either coast and every other coast, giving us a wide spectrum of what we can expect when we choose to play at these sites. Slot machines are popular attractions, both for new players looking to learn more about gambling, and seasoned gamblers looking for a good slot machine win.

In addition to slot machines located in casinos, they are also commonly found in video arcade and novelty shops. These places usually have a lot of slot machines, due to the popularity of coin-operated games, and the fact that many people like the adrenaline rush and euphoria they get when winning real money from such a huge bet. Some people even gamble these machines for the sheer joy of it, but this can be a bad idea, especially if they are playing with fake money, which can easily become lost or spent.

One can’t help but feel as though slot machines are a danger for all of us, because the risk of losing money here is extremely high. This is especially true for individuals who do not know a lot about gambling, do not have any experience playing at these locations, or may simply lack the funds to place bets at dead or alive 2 @ casumo. All of these are common mistakes made by newcomers to online gambling, or by people who are simply unwilling to give up their credit cards and register at a site that requires them to use real money before they can gamble online. It’s always best to find a slot machine history and betting system to follow along before you make a real wager at an online casino.

Traveling by Bus in the UK – Basic information and tips

If time is not the most important factor then traveling by bus or coach is the best and most affordable way to get around the UK. To plan your journey across the UK by bus and coach, use a variety of bus services and include them in your UK itinerary.

Travel and Coach Tours

The UK coaching service is privatized and run by several different companies. Many of these companies offer custom tours to popular historical destinations across the UK.

Travel by coach

British coaches are privatized and many operators run thousands of routes across the country. Coach travel is usually much cheaper than train travel, but takes longer.

The main coaching companies are:

1. Arriva Bus UK
2. Megabus – A well known budget coach company offering £ 1 rates all around the UK
3. Eurolines – Cheap airport shuttles

Many coach companies offer customized tours to and from popular tourist destinations across the UK. Coach tours are a great way to see the sights of England. They usually last for several days and the price includes hotel stays and sometimes discounted rates to popular attractions. Several companies offer discounts for group bookings.

Bus:

Public buses outside London are run by a number of private companies. They are a great way to get around town and city, and walk regularly. Every city in the UK has a local bus service. This service is privatized and run by a separate company. For local route schedules and information, check out Traveline. The cost of a bus ticket usually depends on how far you travel. Single and return fares are available on multiple buses, but you usually need to buy a ticket for each trip (single ticket only). You can buy a ticket when you get on the bus, telling the driver where you are going. 1-day and weekly travel cards are available in some cities, and these can be purchased from drivers or from information centers at bus stations. Tickets are valid for each separate journey rather than for a specific period of time, so if you get off the bus, you’ll have to buy a new ticket when you get on the other bus. For information on London Buses, see the Transport for London buses page.

Megabus:

www.megabus.com is the leading budget city coach operator in the UK, Europe and North America. It is part of the Stagecoach Group, an international transportation group, which offers smarter travel at very good prices. The megabus.com service, which was first launched in the UK in 2003, offers rates from just £ 1 / € 1 (plus 50p / 50c booking fee) throughout the UK and now Europe including Paris, Amiens, Amsterdam and Brussels. Connecting more than 110 locations, offering high-quality and inexpensive travel on some of the most modern coaches in the country and carrying more than 5 million passengers a year.

Arriva Bus:

Arriva is now one of Europe’s leading transport operators. But our roots are in Sunderland, in Northeast England, in a used motorcycle shop opened in 1938 by the Cowie family. To find out more about Arriva plc’s history and growth, please visit the Arriva group website. In the UK, our buses are organized into regional units, each of which has its own interesting story. The core UK bus business outside London became what is now Arriva’s ownership when the Cowie Group acquired British Bus plc.

Eurolines Line:

Eurolines coach services to Europe depart from Victoria Coach Station in London which is located close to Victoria Subway and Bus stations. Travel by Eurolines. This is a no-brainer; It offers competitive prices to various destinations. Modern air-conditioned coach, reclining chairs, comfortable legroom and onboard toilets, and free Wi-Fi on the London to Paris route allow you to keep socializing with your friends back home. The hotel has a city center for downtown travel, and easy onward connections. It’s a greenish way to see Europe.

Do You Know About British Hat Culture?

In the UK, you can find that many social customs are tied to hats. If a male guest calls his friend, after entering the room, he must first remove his hat. If you are going to a dinner party where your relative or friend is, when you enter the dining room you should not only take your hat off, you should either cover it or put it on a chair nearby, instead of just putting your hat on the table. When you meet an acquaintance on the street, if you are a woman, you just need to nod and smile or say hello. But if you are a boy, when you meet female acquaintances you generally also need to take off your hat and bow to her.

This etiquette is also reflected in English.

For example, the English idiom “hat in hand” simply means utmost respect. And another expression “to take one’s hat to (someone)”, its broad meaning is “to admire someone”.

In addition, there is a kind of black hat in England which is called “bowler hat” (It is said that the hat was designed by a London hatter called the John Bowler hat in 1950), it is very popular among men and businessmen and has also become a status symbol of British men. If someone is wearing a new straight “black bowler hat”, people will think about it very much, on the contrary, people will look down at the person wearing the bowler worn. There is a phrase “bad hat” in English, which means “bad guy” moreover, people describe something very black, they say, “a cap”, perhaps it is assumed that it is related to the blower cap.

The interesting thing is that the British parliament has a rule:

Senators entering the council room wearing hats are not allowed, but they must wear their hats when speaking. So many senators simply entered the head of the senate naked, and wore the public hats the senate prepared. Consequently when during an issue debate, you may notice the hat emulatively passing between the speakers. When they fight intensely, the hat passes through the air, and is followed by a whistle, the sound of the cap foot, all of which just seems like a game of passing without drums. The funnier thing was, no matter what size the senator’s head was, all of them could only wear the same hat, often causing roars of laughter.

1000 Years of British History After 410 AD When the Romans Evacuated

The Romans continued to push back their Celtic invaders in England from two sides (North and West) but then in 410 AD Emperor Constantine removed his Roman Army of England altogether to defend the Roman Empire on the border of the Rhine River from invasion. The different English cities thus had to defend themselves and Rome never returned.

The Romans continued to push back their Celtic invaders in England from two sides (North and West) but then in 410 AD Emperor Constantine removed his Roman Army of England altogether to defend the Roman Empire on the border of the Rhine River from invasion.

End of Roman rule in Britain

The different English cities thus had to defend themselves and Rome never returned.

During the following Thousand Years England re-descended into barbarism and feudalism with only a brief rest when William the Conqueror came to power there.

During the first 600 years after Rome, England was the battle site of many different attackers such as the Angles, Saxons, and Celts being pushed back into Wales and Scotland with continued Viking attacks.

After the Romans left in 410 AD, Vikings were used to get mercenaries from northern Germany and these mercenaries (Anglo Saxons) with their families were paid with stolen English Land where they could farm and set up permanent camps for self-defense.

Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire

Even to this very modern day their Viking Blood Line is very strong in certain parts of England.

Eventually the Anglo Saxons realized that they were stronger than their masters (Vikings) and thus they took control of most of England and the land that was not originally given to them.

They colonized the north and west of the British Isles and pushed the native Celts to the boundaries of England, in Cornwall, Wales and Scotland.

In 850 AD they finally formed three separate states – Mercia, Northumbria and Wessex.

These kingdoms not only had to fight each other, they had to protect themselves from the frequent Viking attacks.

In 865, a large Viking army landed in East Anglia and gained much of the territory here from the Anglo Saxons who now live.

In 878 AD the Vikings attacked fiercely and the Saxon King Alfred had to flee to Somerset to survive, from where he regrouped and then continued to attack the Vikings and finally with the help of his sons and grandsons they pushed the Vikings back into the sea.

In 955, Alfred’s Grandson Eadred ruled England in a good way and he created infrastructure too.

Then Britain was pushed into a series of battles and wars against various invaders.

One interesting thing that happened to England in this relatively late period was the arrival of Christianity, brought by Irish monks and Christians organizing the whole country into separate dioceses, each under the control of a bishop.

Then came another Viking raider, William the Conqueror who finally took all of England with relative ease by killing King Harold in the Battle of Hastings. When Edward the Confessor died in 1066, the Vikings saw an opportunity to regain control and land an army to start a war. In the 13 days they camped near Hastings, Norman killed English King Harold. William I was crowned in London on Christmas Day in 1066.

After he gained control of England he demonstrated his strength by building the Tower of London to control the irregular Londoners and to strengthen himself as the new ruler of England.

Previous landowners lost their land to these Young Viking Soldiers and they built many castles all over England, among them Warwick and Windsor which still stand today. When he died in 1087 about 100 main castles were in England.

Another good thing about William 1 is that he sent many of his surveyors all over England to ascertain the value of his existing and potential Kingdom, and when they reported back to him that information was put into the massive Domesday Book.

William 1 had descendants who extended the Norman Empire further into parts of Nortern France and they ruled the entire English Channel for hundreds of years.

One of his descendants is Henry II who is best known for ordering the assassination of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Beckett at Canterbury Cathedral.

After Henry II, King John was weakened and appointed as a figurehead King, more so than caretakers of the British government run by individual Barons.

UK Tour Begins

This month sees the start of the Tour of Britain, a multi-cycling race staged covering the length and breadth of England across eight stages. The race starts on Sunday with a 201km journey from Peebles to Drumlanrig Castle, before gradually moving south and finishing in the capital with the final 88km race. The best cyclists in the world, and our own Tour De France winners Sir Bradley Wiggins and Chris Froome, will take a grueling 1,147km in just eight days as they vie for glory.

The origins of the Tour of Britain come from the post of World War Two, where there have been several connotations of national races. The current racing form was introduced in 2004 and is now part of the UCI European Tour. The original tour had very controversial beginnings, with the National Cyclists Union (NCU) opposing the idea of ​​cyclists being on the road and ultimately banning the riders and organizers of the Llangollen Prime race from going to Wolverhampton in 1942 as a result. This led to a breakout group and the formation of the British League of Racing Cyclists (BLRC) which organized a new race, taking place in Kent in 1944.

Cycling Injury

We’ve seen throughout the Tour De France the physical strain these athletes put on their bodies, with Sir Bradley Wiggins being forced out of competition through injury and illness. There are a number of common injuries suffered by motorists that cover joint and muscle injuries. Every injury is completely different, but there are a number of common forms of rehabilitation in the form of sports braces.

Common joint injuries suffered by cyclists are related to the ankles and knees, where overuse can cause strains and inflammation that require rest to fully recover. From a muscle injury perspective cyclists are prone to tension in the calf and thigh muscles due to the pressure placed on the lower limbs during riding, especially over long distances from varying inclines.

Sports Braces

Sports braces are designed to manage specific conditions by offering additional protection and support to affected areas. They are designed to be used in conjunction with other rehabilitation methods in an effort to keep you active and perform longer. Ankle support for example can be worn post-injury to provide support to the joint and allow the patient to continue to stay active and play sports knowing they have an added level of protection.

Compression Shorts

Compression shorts, as the name suggests, are shorts designed to offer compression. The purpose of compression shorts is to manage muscle-based injuries in the thigh, hamstring and groin area.

Compression is used as a means of managing many sports injuries, with the pressure applied helping reduce inflammation and pain and allowing the patient to remain active. Compression shorts are generic because they cover a number of muscle injuries as well as work to minimize unnecessary muscle movement. By maintaining muscle alignment, compression shorts work to prevent further injury by offering support.

Where additional pressure on the area is required, some compression shorts are available with cinch straps for the thighs and groin. The cinch strap allows additional compression to be applied according to patient requirements and can be easily adjusted.

Ankle Support

The ankle is perhaps one of the joints most prone to injury, with injuries sustained through slipping on the pavement or when playing football or even through overuse. There are a number of types of injuries related to the ankle joint, all of which have their own severity, although ankle supports can usually be worn with all of them. It should also be noted that the ankle support you buy should work with the specific injury you are trying to ensure maximum effectiveness.

There are no standard ankle supports on the market, as they are designed for specific conditions, from one designed for simple strains and sprains to something that can help manage a damaged ligament. The latter ankle supports can have an additional strap that acts as an external ligament for the patient while offering support without limiting movement.

In general, sports braces are designed to allow for increased mobility during rehabilitation although there are several ankle support options available that are designed to offer stability and are not worn when riding a bicycle or playing football. The ankle stirrup is usually stiff andprevents rolling of ankle post injuries and is designed to offer maximum protection. The material-based ankle support, whether in neoprene or Bioskin is designed to breathe and be worn alongside playing the sport of your choice.

England in Bloom 2012

With the New Year, the Royal Horticultural Society ushered in a new batch of contestants for the annual ‘Britain in Bloom’ competition, where communities of hope from across the UK compete to be honored as British ecological champions.

The aim of this RHS phenomenon is to encourage public contributions to the country’s natural aesthetics and environmental awareness, and the three categories, in which finalists are marked, reflect this. In this year’s competition, centered on the propagation of British wildflowers, out of more than 1000 potential winners, only 79 finalists have been considered. Considered by many to be one of the UK’s most significant environmental campaigns, this year’s arrivals have collectively planted more than 400,000 new trees and shrubs, along with 21,000,000 new flowers and tubers, in over a thousand different communities nationwide.

RHS Britain in Bloom UK Finals

Colloquially referred to as ‘The Bloom’, the competition started back in 1963, following the French example of ‘Fleurissement’, and is founded on three guiding principles: Horticultural Excellence; Environmental Responsibility; and Community Participation. In 2002 Bloom became subordinate to RHS, which has been monitoring him ever since. A judging process spanning the entire summer ensures commitment to the highest standards, even once the judges’ opinions are gathered, and that this is a work of love and not glory. There are two levels to this process, the regional and national judging stages – generally 70 communities qualify from regional to national level to be honored for their achievements.

Last year’s winners were based on a variety of different cities and towns, based on their size and ecological location, particularly urban vs suburban, rural vs coastal communities. And the beauty of projects is that there is a task for every level of interest or commitment – projects are judged on the basis of overall cleanliness and cleanliness which can only be achieved with persistent effort. To get involved, you can access the RHS website to find local projects for you that will cover responsibilities such as events planning to raise funds or awareness, to pick trash, to wildlife conservation. The project’s triumph is rife across the UK – the city of Nottingham has practically changed from its past perceptions of being a capital of crime, to the introduction and ongoing success of the more than 160 environmental gardening groups that have worked with RHS since the start of the millennium.

The benefits of such a project are far reaching and numerous and deserve such recognition.

This initiative encourages a communal workforce for personal improvement, namely increased safety and beauty in a shared environment. It encourages group psychology that is kind to our domestic ecology, as well as hard work on behalf of our fellow humans and, by including families, it teaches civil and natural responsibility to future generations. Moreover, it provides a national incentive to pay attention to our environment, one which we ourselves adopt from our French neighbors and can hope, in the future, to encourage in other countries. This is at least a baby step to increase environmental awareness.

Eurovision Song Contest British Hits and Misses

Eurovision Song Contest

With Great Britain’s latest miserable failure in the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest held in Israel, we take a look back at some of the highs, and very lows, of British performances over the years. You see, it hasn’t always been this bad!

The Background

The Eurovision Song Contest was a vision come true, conceived by the man, Marcel Bezençon, a member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The first contest was held on May 24, 1956; it was based on Italy’s Sanremo Music Festival, and originally had seven nations who participated in the contest.

The reason for his creation was that he wanted to test the limits of live television broadcast technology, by using a live orchestra and current radio hits, the contest grew into what it is today. Early on, the contestants were to only sing in their country’s national language, with rules set by the EBU, since then the rules have altered over the years.

So popular is the contest, that now some even try to predict the outcome while others try to connect dots in patterns that show who is going to vote for who.

Great Britain
The United Kingdom first made its debut in 1957 and may have one of the most impressive resumes when it comes to their past performances over the years. They have also hosted the contest eight times, with their most recent hosting taking place in 1998, in Birmingham.

Consecutive Appearances
Some of Great Britain’s most impressive feats include the record for the longest run of consecutive appearances, 59, to be exact. They also hold the record for coming in second in the final ranking 15 times and hold the record for the most top 10 (41) and top 5 placings (29). Something to be proud of at least?

Zero Points
Their lowest placements have had them finishing in 26th place a total of two times, in Riga 2003, the most notable, the contestant Jemini, who actually got them a never experienced before, zero points. There were those that were so upset with her performance that her dressing room was vandalised as a result.

Yet More Lows
Last place was also their fate with the contestant Josh, in Oslo of 2010 and also in 2008 with the contestant Andy Abraham, in Belgrade, with the song choice Even if. It would seem that Great Britain has a harder time these days even scoring in the top 10, possibly due to the change of contest rules that control the language in which the contestants can perform.

The Highs!
On a more positive note, they have won the contest a total of five times, with their most recent win by the group Katrina and the Waves, in 1997. In this particular instance, Katrina and the Waves scored a record-smashing 227 points that not only sealed their victory but also gave them another massive musical hit.

Katrina and the Waves

Other victories include Sandie Shaw, in 1967, with the song Puppet on a String, Lulu, in 1969, with the song Boom Bang-a-bang, Brotherhood of Man, in 1976, with Save Your Kisses for Me, and lastly, Bucks Fizz, in 1981 with Making Your Mind Up.

In one particular instance, a song was written specifically for the show, Flying the Flag, which was performed by Scooch but it only resulted in a 22nd finish, tying with France. To this day, there have been over 1,500 songs that have been sung in one of the world’s most recognized singing contests.

Great Britain’s first participant was Patricia Bredin who landed in 7th place. And in the most recent contest in Tel Aviv, Michael Rice’s song Bigger Than Us, rather shamefully put the United Kingdom in last place, once again. The question that many fans of the show ask is, why did Michael Rice come in last place?

That Word… Brexit
There are those who put the blame on Brexit, the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union which was voted upon in 2016, or is it simply that Great Britain isn’t putting the effort in like they used to?

When the calculation of the votes was revealed the British fans flooded social media with claims that Europe hates them all because of Brexit, that it is all political, and that what is the point in bothering to send anyone anymore?

Whether or not it is political or for lack of sending a memorable song, if Great Britain wants to return to their former glory days, some changes need to be made. Especially since a decade has passed since they last cracked their way into the top ten.

The Eurovision Song Contest shows no sign of stopping; it recently (2015) celebrated its 60th anniversary and honoured that milestone by admitting Australia as permissible participants for the first time in the show’s history.

The Greatest of Singing Competitions?
It was also recognised by the Guinness Book of World Records that year as being the longest running annual TV music competition. With approximately 189 million viewers watching it last year alone, the music competition shows no signs of slowing down anytime soon.

The European Union is known in the world as one of the biggest economies. Most people also recognize the EU as an initiative to unite European countries after the two major Global Wars. But apart from these, there are a lot of fun facts that you probably did not know about the European Union.

Fact #1: 24 tongues of fire

There are 24 official languages used in the European Union. The most commonly used are English, French, and German. Other languages include Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Estonian, Finnish, Greek, Hungarian, Irish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, and Swedish. If there are European parliament debates, sessions, and conferences, official transcripts and documents are translated into all these languages. Whew!

Fact #2: The vultures are starving

The European Union has a law on the proper disposal of dead animal farms. They should be taken for disposal to either knacker, maggot farms, incinerators, or renderers. However, in 2009, Madrid’s regional government appealed to the European Union to relax their law about the disposal of the dead livestock. Why? Because the vultures are hungry. You heard it right. According to Madrid’s environmentalists, the lack of rotting animals leaves vultures no adequate source of food.

Fact #3: Norway awards EU

In 2012, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided unanimously to award the Nobel Peace Prize to the European Union. The committee recognized the over six-decade contribution of the EU in the development of peace, equality, reconciliation, and human rights in the continent. The twist is that Norway is not a member of the European Union. It’s not a big deal, anyway.

Fact #4: EU as a huge frogs’ legs importer

According to reports, eating frogs’ legs has been an English delicacy for many, many years. According to reports, this practice has been long existent in the UK between 7500 BC and 6250 BC, the earliest British settlement. But it was only in the 12th century when French formally listed frogs’ legs as one of European’s cuisine. Because of this increasing demand, there is a shortage of frog supply in the UK. So basically, they have to import. Today, the EU imports more than 10,000 tons of frogs’ legs from Asia every year.

Fact #5: EU is still young

The European Union that we know today is not as old as you think. Basically, it was officially created along the passage of the Maastricht Treaty or The Treaty of the European Union in 1992. That time, there were only 15 member countries. So basically, the EU just turned 26 years old this year. However, the union of the European countries started long ago. First, the European Economic Community was created in the 1950s, which was followed by European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) and European Atomic Energy Community.

Fact #6: France rejected UK’s EU application twice

The United Kingdom was not one of the founding state members of the European Union. It was only in 1973 when it officially joined the union. Although it made efforts to be an EU member, France rejected its application, not just once, but twice. The United Kingdom applied to join the EU for the first time in 1961, under Conservative Prime Minister Harold Macmillan. However, French President Charles de Gaulle rejected and vetoed the British application in 1963. According to Gaulle, there are certain irregularities in UK’s economic policies which made them incompatible to become a member of the EU. In 1967, the UK tried again its luck to join the EU. Unfortunately, they were still rejected by Gaulle. In 1969, Gaulle finished his French presidency. In 1973, the United Kingdom under Conservative Prime Minister Edward Heath applied for the third time. Successfully, the UK became officially part of the European Economic Community (EEC).

Fact #7: EU is not alone in Europe

The European Union is not the only European Sovereignty in Europe. In fact, there is the Council of Europe. The Council of Europe (CoE) is the leading international organization that upholds human rights and democracy in Europe. They also promote the European culture. It was founded in 1949 and currently, it has 47 member states, including the UK. It also covers approximately 900 million people. Sometimes, it confused with the European Union. No country that joined the EU that has not yet joined the Council of Europe.

Fact #8: More Europeans believe they are EU citizens

The European Union conducts their yearly poll. In 2012, they have found out that most people do not “love” EU that much. For them, EU is just a waste of money. In fact, most of the respondents knew less about the EU. But in the latest study, in lieu of UK’s Brexit referendum, more Europeans now are feeling like they are EU citizens. According to the regular Eurobarometer poll, 68% of the Europe population feel like that they are citizens of the EU. In fact, over half of the population trusted that EU’s economy will rise in the years to come.

Fact #9: From Pigs to Scams

In 2002, the European Union introduced the Euro currency. During that time, there are 12 EU member states. All of their initial letters spell out to “BAFFLING PIGS” ((Belgium, Austria, Finland, France, Luxembourg, Ireland, Netherlands, Germany, Portugal, Italy, Greece, and Spain). When five more countries joined, it turned to be “BEGS PIFFLING SCAMS”.

Fact #10: Past Withdrawals from EH

Before, Algeria was a full-fledged part of France. In fact, it was called French Algeria. When it receives independence in 1962, it decided to leave the European Communities. Moreover, Greenland conducted a referendum in 1979. They decided to officially leave the European Economic Community in 1985 after fishing rights disputes. Last 2016, the United Kingdom hold a referendum widely known as “Brexit”. The resulting turnout was 71% in favor of leaving the European Union. Today, there has been an ongoing talks and negotiation on Brexit. It is expected that the UK will officially leave the EU in March 2019.

info3 - Top 10 Fun Facts about the European Union

Infographic by: praxinetwork.gr

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